Neuromorphic Electronics / Biomedical Implants

Neuromorphic electronics is a term coined by Carver Mead at CalTech that refers to circuits that mimic operation principles of the nervous system and either help verify neuro-physiological models, or are useful components in artificial perception/action systems. 

This group is working with these circuits as implants, since their bio-inspired operation principles allow more direct interfacing with the body. These circuits are organized quite differently from digital processors in that they are computational devices and intelligent sensors, with distributed storage and processing capacity. They are also asynchronous and use no clock signal. They are often purely analog and operate continuously, and are adaptive or even able to learn on a basic level instead of being programmed. They are usually operated in the sub-threshold/weak inversion regime so as to come as close as possible to the energy efficiency of biological organisms.

(Phillipp Häfliger)